Operating Cash Flow A Quarterly Record Of $624 Million
For Full Year 2008, Achieved Record Sales And Net Income
Employment Reductions To Lower Year-Over-Year Costs By $165 Million In 2009
CLEVELAND … Diversified industrial manufacturer Eaton Corporation (NYSE:ETN) today announced net income per share of $.98 for the fourth quarter of 2008, a decrease of 43 percent from net income per share of $1.71 in the fourth quarter of 2007. Sales in the quarter were $3.5 billion, 3 percent above the same period in 2007. Net income was $163 million compared to $256 million in 2007, a reduction of 36 percent.
Net income in both periods included charges related to acquisition integration. Before acquisition integration charges, operating earnings per share in the fourth quarter of 2008 were $1.08 compared to $1.79 per share in the fourth quarter of 2007, a decrease of 40 percent. Operating earnings for the fourth quarter of 2008 were $180 million compared to $269 million in 2007, a reduction of 33 percent.
Sales growth in the fourth quarter of 3 percent consisted of 13 percent growth from acquisitions, offset by a 6 percent decline from lower exchange rates and a 4 percent decline in organic growth. End markets in the fourth quarter declined by 6 percent.
For the full year 2008, sales were a record $15.4 billion, 18 percent above 2007. Net income was a record $1.06 billion, an increase of 6 percent over 2007, and net income per share was $6.52, 1 percent less than in 2007. Operating earnings in 2008 totaled $1.11 billion versus $1.04 billion in 2007, an increase of 7 percent. Operating earnings per share for 2008 were $6.83, 1 percent lower than in 2007.
Alexander M. Cutler, Eaton chairman and chief executive officer, said, “Despite weaker-than-expected conditions in our end markets, we were able to generate earnings per share in the fourth quarter at the high end of our most recent guidance. Our markets turned down sharply in the fourth quarter, dropping 6 percent from the fourth quarter of 2007 versus our expectations in mid-December of a decline of between 3 and 4 percent.
“Looking at 2008 as a whole, our operating earnings grew to a new record, while our operating earnings per share were about the same as in 2007,” said Cutler. “We achieved a fundamental repositioning of the company in 2008, as seen by the fact that in the second half of 2008 our Electrical, Hydraulics and Aerospace businesses earned almost 90 percent of our segment profits. Our operating cash flow of $624 million in the fourth quarter was a quarterly record, further demonstrating the strength of our mix of businesses. With our strong cash flow, we were able to reduce our commercial paper outstanding at year end to $767 million and end the quarter with $530 million of cash and short-term investments.
“So far in 2009, our markets have continued to decline,” said Cutler. “We anticipate that our markets will decline through at least the second, and possibly the third, quarter. We estimate our markets for all of 2009 will decline by between 7 and 8 percent. We expect to outgrow our end markets in 2009 by approximately $300 million, and we also expect to record approximately $400 million of growth from the full-year impact of the six acquisitions we completed in 2008. These increases are expected to be offset by a decline in foreign currencies of 6 percent. As a result, we anticipate our revenues in 2009 will likely decline by 8 percent compared to 2008.
“We took significant employee reduction actions in 2008 in anticipation of the severe downturn, and in January we have taken further actions,” said Cutler. “The continued decline in our end markets in early 2009 unfortunately necessitated that we reduce our workforce even further than we originally anticipated. The employee reductions in 2008 and 2009 total about 10 percent of our full-time workforce. Net of $110 million of severance costs to be incurred in the first quarter of 2009, we anticipate a year-over-year pretax earnings increase in 2009 of $165 million from the actions. In 2010, we expect an additional year-over-year pretax earnings increase of $125 million.
“In addition, there will be further savings from ongoing acquisition integration activities in 2009,” said Cutler. “We anticipate the savings from the two largest acquisitions, Moeller and Phoenixtec, to add $0.30 per share to our 2009 after-tax earnings.
“We will be changing our reporting in 2009, dividing our Electrical business into two segments,” said Cutler. “The segments will be based on geography with one segment focused on the Americas and the other on the rest of the world.
“Forecasting earnings in 2009 is particularly complicated in light of the uncertain global economic environment,” said Cutler. “Looking at the first quarter of 2009, our revenues will be impacted by plant shutdowns implemented by many of our hydraulics, truck, and automotive customers late in the fourth quarter of 2008, which in many cases are extending into the middle of the first quarter of 2009. These shutdowns will lower revenues in the first quarter of 2009 compared to the fourth quarter of 2008. As a result of these shutdowns, combined with the impact of the $110 million of severance costs associated with the employee reductions we have taken in January, we anticipate earnings in the first quarter will be the weakest quarter by far of 2009. We now estimate that first quarter operating earnings per share, which exclude an estimated $0.15 of charges to integrate our recent acquisitions, will likely be about breakeven. For the full year 2009, we estimate that operating earnings per share, which exclude an estimated $0.40 of charges to integrate our recent acquisitions, will be between $4.20 and $5.20.”
Business Segment Results
Fourth quarter sales for the Electrical segment were $1.7 billion, up 34 percent over 2007. Operating profits in the fourth quarter were $194 million. Operating profits before acquisition integration charges were $217 million, up 29 percent over results in 2007.
“End markets for our electrical business grew about 1 percent during the fourth quarter, a slowdown from the 4 percent growth in the third quarter, and our orders in the fourth quarter declined by 5 percent,” said Cutler. “Nonresidential construction spending in the United States held up well in the fourth quarter of 2008, but we expect it to begin to decline by the second quarter of 2009. Overall for 2009, we expect our markets to decline by approximately 5 percent, with the U.S. market declining by 7 percent and non-U.S. markets declining by 4 percent.
In the Hydraulics segment, fourth quarter sales were $533 million, 11 percent lower than the fourth quarter of 2007. Hydraulics markets in the fourth quarter declined 8 percent compared to the same period in 2007, with U.S. markets down 9 percent and non-U.S. markets down just under 8 percent.
Operating profits in the fourth quarter were $44 million. Operating profits before acquisition integration charges were $46 million, down 37 percent compared to a year earlier.
“The global hydraulics market declined markedly in the fourth quarter led by steep production cutbacks from customers around the world,” said Cutler. “For 2009, we anticipate a sharp contraction, with our global markets down on the order of 16 percent. Markets in the U.S. are expected to be down nearly 20 percent and non-U.S. markets are expected to decline by 11 percent.
“We were pleased to be selected by United Parcel Service to supply series hydraulic hybrid vehicles for use in package delivery applications,” said Cutler. “As is the case with our hybrid electric applications in our Truck business, the series hydraulic hybrid vehicle offers significant improvement in fuel economy and emissions.”
The Aerospace segment posted fourth quarter sales of $446 million, an increase of 6 percent over the fourth quarter of 2007. Aerospace markets in the fourth quarter declined by 4 percent. U.S. markets declined by 9 percent, driven by the reduction in new plane deliveries at Boeing as a result of the strike, while non-U.S. markets grew 7 percent.
Operating profits in the fourth quarter were $76 million. Excluding acquisition integration charges, operating profits were $79 million, a 6 percent decline from the fourth quarter of 2007.
“We were very pleased with the performance of our Aerospace business in the fourth quarter,” said Cutler. “Despite the inefficiencies we incurred as a result of the Boeing strike, we earned a 17.7 percent operating margin, the highest quarterly margin of 2008.
“For 2009, growth in our aerospace markets is expected to be about 2 percent,” said Cutler. “U.S. markets are expected to grow by 4 percent, while non-U.S. markets are expected to decline by 3 percent.
“During the quarter, we were pleased to win two contracts from Rolls Royce for the Trent XWB engine for the Airbus A350 program,” said Cutler. “Over the 40-year life of the program, we anticipate revenues of $750 million from the new contracts.”
The Truck segment posted sales of $439 million in the fourth quarter, down 17 percent compared to 2007. Truck markets in the fourth quarter declined 10 percent, with U.S. markets down 5 percent and non-U.S. markets down 16 percent. Operating profits were $41 million, a decline of 49 percent compared to the fourth quarter of 2007.
“Fourth quarter production of NAFTA heavy-duty trucks totaled 46,000, about 10 percent lower than in the third quarter,” said Cutler. “We expect NAFTA heavy duty truck production in 2009 to be about 155,000 units, as the economic downturn and lack of financing limit the desire of truck buyers to purchase additional trucks in advance of the emissions law change on January 1, 2010. We also expect weakness in our non-U.S. markets, with an expected decline of about 10 percent in 2009.
“We were pleased to win two significant orders in the fourth quarter,” said Cutler. “We won an order to supply hybrid electric transmissions for buses in China, and we won a contract to supply transmissions for the Tata Motors World Truck program.
The Automotive segment posted fourth quarter sales of $333 million, down 37 percent from the comparable quarter of 2007. Automotive unit production in the fourth quarter declined by 24 percent, with U.S. markets down by 26 percent and non-U.S. markets down by 22 percent. Operating profits in the fourth quarter were a loss of $56 million.
“Automotive markets dropped precipitously around the world over the course of the fourth quarter,” said Cutler. “The sudden drop in volume created significant inefficiencies in our business and necessitated significant reductions in personnel. In addition, we took action in the fourth quarter to close our Massa, Italy, valve actuation plant, which resulted in a charge in the fourth quarter of $27 million. Offsetting this charge was a fourth quarter income tax benefit of $24 million resulting from incentives provided by the locations to which some of the Massa operations were transferred.
“Looking at 2009, we anticipate a difficult year, with global auto production likely to drop by about 14 percent compared to 2008,” said Cutler. “Overall 2009 production levels are likely to be very similar to the volume level experienced in the fourth quarter.”
Eaton Corporation is a diversified power management company with 2008 sales of $15.4 billion. Eaton is a global technology leader in electrical components and systems for power quality, distribution and control; hydraulics components, systems and services for industrial and mobile equipment; aerospace fuel, hydraulics and pneumatic systems for commercial and military use; and truck and automotive drivetrain and powertrain systems for performance, fuel economy and safety. Eaton has approximately 75,000 employees and sells products to customers in more than 150 countries.
Notice of conference call: Eaton’s conference call to discuss its fourth quarter results is available to all interested parties as a live audio webcast today at 10 a.m. Eastern time via the microphone on the right side of Eaton’s home page. This news release can be accessed under its headline on the home page. Also available on the Web site prior to the call will be a presentation on fourth quarter results, which will be covered during the call.
This news release contains forward-looking statements concerning the first quarter 2009 and full year 2009 net income per share and operating earnings per share, full year 2009 revenues, our worldwide markets, our growth in relation to end markets, our growth from acquisitions, the benefits due to employee reduction actions, and estimated savings from acquisition integration. These statements should be used with caution and are subject to various risks and uncertainties, many of which are outside the company’s control. The following factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements: unanticipated changes in the markets for the company’s business segments; unanticipated downturns in business relationships with customers or their purchases from us; competitive pressures on sales and pricing; increases in the cost of material and other production costs, or unexpected costs that cannot be recouped in product pricing; the introduction of competing technologies; unexpected technical or marketing difficulties; unexpected claims, charges, litigation or dispute resolutions; the impact of acquisitions and divestitures; unanticipated difficulties integrating acquisitions; new laws and governmental regulations; interest rate changes; changes in currency exchange rates; stock market fluctuations; and unanticipated deterioration of economic and financial conditions in the United States and around the world. We do not assume any obligation to update these forward-looking statements.
William Hartman, (216) 523-4501